There are several ways for doctors to confirm the diagnosis if you have prostate cancer:
• Medical history and physical examination: the doctor will check for signs of prostate cancer and ask questions about family history.
• Digital rectal examination (DRE): the doctor inserts his finger into the rectum to feel the prostate gland through the rectal wall.
• Prostate-specific antigen-testing (PSA): performed to measure PSA levels of prostate-generated proteins.
• Transtrasound ultrasound (TRUS): using an ultrasound probe inserted into the rectum to create a prostate image.
• Biopsy: used to diagnose prostate cancer. Prostate biopsy may be performed if abnormalities are found in DRE or transrectum ultrasound. This method can also be done if the PSA level is too high for the age of the man or has increased over time or increased rapidly.
• Complete blood count (CBC): measures the number and quality of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
• Blood chemistry test: measuring certain chemicals in the blood. This test shows how well the function of certain organs and can also be used to detect abnormalities.
• Bone scan: using bone-seek radioactive (radiofarmaka) and computer to produce bony images to check whether prostate cancer has spread to the bone.
How to prevent prostate cancer
Prostate cancer can be prevented with a good lifestyle choice, namely low fat diet. Foods that contain fat include meat, beans, oils and dairy products, such as milk and cheese.
Eat more fats from plants than animals. In studies studying fat consumption and risk of prostate cancer, animal fat is more likely to be associated with an increase in prostate cancer risk. Animal products containing fat include meat, lard, and butter.
Eat fish. Fatty fish-such as salmon, tuna, and herring-contain omega-3 fatty acids, a type of fatty acid that has been linked to a reduced risk of prostate cancer. If you currently do not eat fish, consider adding it to your diet. Another way to add omega-3s to your diet is to eat flaxseed (flaxseed).
Reduce the amount of dairy products you consume every day. In the study, men who consumed most dairy products-such as milk, cheese and yogurt-each day had the highest risk for prostate cancer. However, the risk associated with dairy products is not expected to be large.
If your weight is healthy, try to maintain it by exercising several times a week and choose a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Exercise can help you maintain your weight or lose weight. Men who are obese are more at risk of developing prostate cancer.
Sports-related studies and the risk of prostate cancer most often indicate that men who exercise may have a reduced risk of prostate cancer. In addition, exercise provides many other health benefits and can reduce the risk of heart disease and other cancers