Melanoma skin cancer is a type of cancer that develops in melanocytes, a skin pigment cell that acts as a melanin producer. Melanin is what works to absorb ultraviolet light and protect the skin from damage.
Melanoma is a rare and very dangerous type of skin cancer. This condition starts from the human skin and can spread to other organs in the body. The appearance of a new mole or a change in an existing mole is usually a common sign or symptom of melanoma. This can happen all over the body, but some parts of the body that often experience its appearance are:
Melanoma has an irregular shape and more than one color. The mole is attacked by melanoma can be itchy and can experience bleeding, in addition, the size can also exceed normal moles. To distinguish between normal moles and melanoma, the ABCDE list has been developed for people.
According to WHO data, there are about 132,000 cases of melanoma emerging every year worldwide. Every 3 cases of cancer found one case of skin cancer melanoma and it is estimated this will continue to increase because the ozone layer in the sky that continues to thin. A 10 percent reduction in the ozone layer alone could lead to an increased incidence of melanoma skin cancer by 4500 additional new cases.
The risk of melanoma is greater for women under the age of 40 years. This type of skin cancer can be fatal if not diagnosed early.
Causes Of Melanoma Skin Cancer
Melanoma occurs when skin pigment cells develop abnormally. Until now, it is not known why this happened. Some people who think the cause of the emergence of melanoma due to the skin is too often exposed to natural or artificial ultraviolet (UV) rays. But it’s not all people who are often exposed to UV melanoma sufferers. Researchers are still trying to find out the cause. Some of the known factors that can increase the likelihood of contracting melanoma are having multiple moles or spots on the skin, pale and flammable, having a family member with melanoma, as well as a redhead or blonde.
Diagnosis of Melanoma Skin Cancer
Doctors can diagnose melanoma after a physical exam. Your doctor will refer you to see a dermatologist or plastic surgeon if they think you have melanoma. So if you notice any changes in the shape of a mole, see your doctor immediately.
In most of the existing cases, suspicious mole tissue will be removed surgically and studied whether it has become cancerous. This process is known as biopsy. As for checking whether melanoma has spread to other body parts, a sentinel node biopsy procedure may also be performed.
Melanoma Skin Cancer Treatment
One of the main procedures of melanoma treatment is surgery, although all types of treatment are done depending on your condition. Surgery can be successful if melanoma is diagnosed in the early stages. But, to prevent melanoma reappear, you should undergo further treatment. If melanoma is not diagnosed to the most severe stage, treatment can only slow the spread of cancer and relieve symptoms. At this stage, it usually takes drugs, such as chemotherapy.
Reappearance of melanoma
There is a possibility that melanoma will return if you have previously suffered from melanoma. If the cancer has spread and severe, then your risk of re-exposure will increase.
You may have to check regularly to monitor your health, especially if your cancer handling team feels that there is a great chance that melanoma will reappear. How to check if there is a tumor in your skin and lymph nodes, will usually be taught by a team of doctors on duty.
Prevention of Melanoma Skin Cancer
You can lower your risk of melanoma by avoiding the skin from exposure to ultraviolet light, both natural and artificial, although the appearance of melanoma can not always be prevented. One easy prevention of melanoma is to use sunscreen and wear complete clothing to protect the skin from harmful sun exposure.
To improve the success of treatment and to be able to get a diagnosis early on, you are advised to check the moles and spots regularly.