Brain cancer is a malignant brain tumor that can spread rapidly to other parts of the brain and spine. Keep in mind, not all brain tumors are malignant and can be categorized as cancer. There are also benign brain tumors. Benign brain tumors are a collection of brain cells that grow slowly and do not spread to other parts.
Brain tumors themselves are the growth of brain cells that are unnatural and uncontrolled. In the brain, tumors can develop from cells that make up brain tissue, from nerves that enter the brain, and from the protective membranes of the brain and spinal cord (meninges).
According to its origin, brain tumors are divided into two, namely primary and secondary. Primary brain tumors are tumors that appear in the brain, while secondary brain tumors are tumors that come from other parts of the body but spread to the brain.
Most brain cancer cases are a type of secondary brain cancer, in which cancer starts from other organs of the body and then spreads to the brain. When viewed from the level of development and the speed of growth and spread, malignancy of brain tumors is divided into 4 levels, namely:
Stage 1 and 2: generally benign.
Stage 3 and 4: usually are malignant, and can be referred to as ‘cancer’.
This article specifically discusses stage 3 and 4 (malignant) brain tumors.
Brain tumors do not recognize age and can infect anyone, including children. According to WHO data, in 2012 there were around 4900 cases of brain cancer that occurred in Indonesia. When viewed from the sex, then people with brain cancer are male sex a little more than women.
Genetic diseases such as neurofibromatosis (a genetic disease that causes tumors to grow in nerves) can increase the risk of developing brain tumors. However, the main cause of most brain tumors is unknown.
Symptoms of brain cancer
Symptoms of brain tumors vary from one patient to another depending on the size and the affected part of the brain. Tumors can make the affected area of the brain not function properly and suppress brain tissue causing headaches and convulsions.
Here are some common symptoms of other brain tumors:
Excessive fatigue and easy sleepiness.
Interference goes and talks.
Brain Cancer Treatment
Primary brain cancer has three factors that can affect treatment outcomes:
The type of brain cell that becomes a tumor.
The location of a tumor in the brain.
Health conditions and age of the patient when diagnosed with a tumor.
This disease must be treated as quickly as possible, usually by surgery to remove as many cancer cells as possible. The healing process can be continued with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of both. If surgery is not done immediately, cancer can potentially spread and damage parts of the brain and spinal cord, even to other organs.
As for secondary brain cancer, the benefits of treatment are only to relieve symptoms and prolong life. Because the small possibility for patients to recover completely, especially tumors and cancers that have spread to other parts of the body.
For Brain Cancer Patients
Feeling afraid is a natural thing for people with brain cancer. All families of sufferers must be involved in all decisions and how to live their daily lives. Families must also understand and understand what is and might happen.
Here are some things that might help you, your family, and close friends to overcome changes in life:
1. Finding accurate medical information about the disease and the choice of brain cancer treatment process.
2. If you have trouble remembering questions and answers, write them all as reminders. Prepare something to record.
3. It is very good for you to make active decisions in your choice of treatment and care. This can help eliminate fear due to misunderstanding and you can feel control over what happened.
4. Don’t force yourself to do activities like before being diagnosed. Set limits for yourself.
Brain cancer can affect motor skills, speech, vision, and mindset during and after treatment. There are various types of therapy can be done to help the recovery process. You can undergo counseling if you want to discuss the emotional aspects of your diagnosis and treatment.