The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts Indonesia will experience a sevenfold increase in the number of breast cancer patients by 2030. WHO’s prediction should be an ‘alarm’ for the community to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
The cause of breast cancer is closely related to everyday life. Lifestyle and daily habits unwittingly trigger the growth of cancer cells in the breast.
The American Cancer Society states that risk factors for triggering breast cancer stem from unhealthy behavior or lifestyle. Some of them are related to eating habits and exercise. In addition, lifestyle choices such as the decision not to have children and the use of drugs are also a cause.
1. Being overweight
Obesity or being overweight can increase the risk of breast cancer. The reason is, obese women have high insulin levels and are associated with breast cancer.
The risk of breast cancer tends to increase after a woman enters menopause. At that time, a woman’s body produces estrogen from excess fat tissue. This can be a trigger for increased risk of breast cancer.
Citing cancer.org, the American Cancer Society recommends the public to maintain body weight by balancing food intake and physical activity.
2. Rarely exercise
Various studies have shown that a lack of regular exercise can increase the risk of breast cancer, especially in women who have passed menopause.
This physical activity has a large influence on body weight, hormones, and energy balance in the body. As a result, people who rarely exercise have a high risk of developing breast cancer due to body weight and hormone instability.
Adults are advised to do 150 minutes of physical activity a week.
3. Smoking and alcohol consumption
Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of developing various cancers, including breast cancer. The same thing applies to the habit of excessive alcohol consumption.
The more consumption of cigarettes and alcohol, the higher the risk of breast cancer.
Someone who consumes 2-3 glasses of alcohol a day has a risk of breast cancer 20% higher than those who do not drink alcohol.
4. Don’t have children
The decision of a woman not to have children or to postpone pregnancy at the age of 30 years and above has the potential to increase the risk of breast cancer. Conversely, getting pregnant several times or pregnant at a young age can actually reduce the risk of breast cancer.
5. Birth control
The use of hormonal birth control is called able to increase the risk of breast cancer. Call it oral contraceptives, implants, to IUDs that can increase hormone triggers breast cancer.
In addition, the use of post-menopausal hormone therapy also affects the risk of breast cancer. This therapy is usually done by many women to relieve symptoms of menopause and prevent osteoporosis.