Some people still think that cancer is a very contagious disease. How about you? Do you also have that understanding? If so, do you believe that cervical cancer can be transmitted through water in the pool?
There is an assumption that says that cervical cancer is a disease that is the main killer of women? considered to be transmitted through interaction in the pool. So what are the real medical facts?
Previously, you need to know that cancer is a non-communicable disease. As said by Dr. Resthie Rachmanta Putri from KlikDokter, cancer is not a type of infectious disease so people do not need to worry too much.
What about something that causes cancer? Isn’t the HPV virus that causes cervical cancer something contagious? It is true. However, according to Dr. Adeline Jaclyn from KlikDokter, the HPV virus will not last long in the pool area. This is because pool water usually contains high levels of chlorine disinfectants.
Chlorine itself is an alternative method of disinfection or water purification which is quite safe to use, especially in emergencies. So, bacteria or viruses will die immediately if they are in the pool water.
On the other hand, waste products from disinfection with chlorine in a certain amount can be carcinogenic or trigger cancer. Related to this, Dr. Adeline said that the risk factor for cervical cancer is not swimming pool water or just swimming along with patients with cervical cancer, but sexual intercourse.
Adding the explanation, Dr. Atika from KlikDokter said that sexual intercourse meant is one that does not pay attention to the health element or often changes partners as sexually.
“Even so, infection with germs that cause HPV that actually turn into cancer is only a small part. Because basically, infections can be resisted by each of the body’s immune systems, “explained Dr. Atika.
So, if the germs that cause HPV successfully develop themselves into cancer cells, then there are several factors that support this. Some of them are:
- Type and duration of viral infections
- Low body resistance due to malnutrition
- The presence of HIV infection or other chronic diseases
- Environmental factors, such as smoking or lack of vitamins
In addition to the things mentioned above, genetic factors, having sex from a young age, and giving birth to many children at a young age also increase the risk of cervical cancer. And, before it develops into cancer, an initial abnormality is called pre-cancer.
“When this pre-cancer can be found during pap smear screening, treatment can be done as soon as possible. “Pre-cancerous images that are handled well can be prevented from developing so as not to become cervical cancer,” said Dr. Atika.
Prevent cervical cancer
Rather than just being consumed by unclear allegations and not taking concrete actions, you should do some of these actions so that you really avoid cervical cancer:
- Get vaccinated to prevent the HPV virus. Because, vaccination is a very effective way to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer. Giving HPV vaccine can be done to young women before sexual contact.
- Perform pap smear screening. With routine screening, pre-cancerous images can be found earlier and prevented from developing into cancer. According to Dr. Atika, screening that is not done regularly can hinder the process of early detection of cancer.
- Avoid changing sexual partners. The more often you change sexual partners, the higher your risk for contracting the HPV virus causes cervical cancer. In addition, you are also not advised to choose a partner who often often changes sexual partners. Don’t think that condoms can save you 100%. Because according to Dr. Atika, condoms can still make you contract the HPV virus.
Again, cervical cancer cannot be transmitted through swimming pools, even if there are cancer sufferers in the pond. This is because the swimming pool contains chlorine which can kill the HPV virus that causes cervical cancer. However, you are encouraged to remain vigilant and only swim in a pool that is kept clean.
Last but not least, instead of worrying about the problem of transmission of cervical cancer in swimming pools, you should protect yourself from this deadly disease by getting HPV vaccination and regular pap smears at the nearest hospital.