Cervical cancer is a disease that poses the greatest threat to women. Reported from the page Coils, Chairman of the Indonesian Cancer Foundation (YKI), Prof. DR. dr. Aru W. Sudoyo, SpPD, KHOM revealed that of 40 women diagnosed with cervical cancer, 20 of them died. Given how ferocious disease this one, women are expected to pay more attention and maintain the health of the womb properly to avoid cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer is a cancer that appears in the cervix of women. This condition begins when the cells that were healthy, have a generic mutation or changes in DNA, so that turned into abnormal cells. These cancer cells will then grow and develop uncontrollably in the woman’s cervix. Although cervical cancer can be caused by several factors, but 99 percent of cervical cancer cases are caused by HPV virus. So, the main way to avoid cervical cancer is to take precautions against HPV virus.
1. Secure Intimate Connect
HPV virus can spread through unprotected intercourse. So, to avoid cervical cancer, you are encouraged to use condoms when having sex.
You should also be faithful only with one partner because the risk of contracting HPV virus can increase if you frequently alternate sexual partners. Even women who have only one partner can be infected with this virus if the partner has many other sexual partners.
2. Perform Routine Cervical Screening
In addition to sex safely, the best way to prevent cervical cancer is to screen the cervix or pap smear regularly. This method of examination is not a test for cancer, but rather to detect cells that are potentially cancerous.
Women who are aged 25-49 years or who have had sex before is highly recommended to do a pap smear every three years. As for women aged 50-64 years, it is recommended to do this inspection every five years. By routinely screening, the seeds of cervical cancer can be detected as early as possible, so that it can be immediately treated and prevent the condition of cancer getting worse.
3. HPV vaccination
Vaccinating HPV or human papilloma virus is also very important to be done by women, to prevent infection of HPV virus that become the main cause of cervical cancer. Actually, HPV vaccine is more effective when given to women who have never had intercourse. However, adult women who are already sexually active are also advised to get the vaccine before it is too late.
For women who have had sex before getting a vaccine need to do a pap smear first. If the pap smear is normal, he or she may get HPV vaccine immediately. But if it turns out through screening, found the cells that are not normal, then the doctor will usually perform further examination to determine a more complete diagnosis.
Although HPV vaccine can reduce the risk of cervical cancer, but this vaccine does not guarantee you will be fully protected from cervical cancer. You are still advised to have sex in a healthy and routine pap smears.
4. Stop Smoking Habits
Finally, you can also prevent cervical cancer by stopping unhealthy habits like smoking. This is because the content of cigarettes makes HPV infection difficult to remove from the body. This infection is a potential cervical cancer.