Hodgkin’s lymphoma is a cancer that attacks the lymphatic system, which is part of the human immune system. In this type of cancer, cells in the lymph node system grow excessively and abnormally.
Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer can attack all ages. But the main target of this disease is those who are under 20 years and over 55 years old. So, who is most vulnerable to this disease? Is it man or woman?
Risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma cancer
Related to this, the study found that men are the group of people who most often experience this type of cancer. However, the reasons underlying this matter are still not known until now.
You need to know, Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer is a disease whose causes and risk factors continue to be a mystery. Some studies suggest that this disease is thought to be related to the following conditions:
1. Environmental conditions
2. The existence of a family history (genetic)
4. Gender, where men are more vulnerable than women
5. The presence of Epstein-Barr virus infection, which causes infectious mononucleosis
In addition to the above conditions, Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer is also known to develop more easily in those who have a low immune system, such as those with HIV.
Not limited to this, the study also says that the use of insecticides and fungicides is a factor that can increase the risk of Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer in humans. This is especially true for those under 40 years of age.
Symptoms of Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer
Cancer Symptoms Hodgkin’s lymphoma that must be considered especially is the swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, or groin. Excessive fatigue, fever, night sweats, unexplained weight loss, and excessive itching are also suspected as symptoms of this type of cancer.
If you experience these symptoms, don’t delay to see a doctor. Next, you will get a physical examination, blood test, and imaging examination. Do not rule out the possibility, the doctor will also advise you to get a lymph node biopsy examination.
Prevent Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer
In general, there are no specific actions you can take to prevent cancer. But specifically, to prevent Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer, you can try to distance yourself from HIV disease or other conditions that make the immune system at the lowest level.
Meanwhile, if Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer has already occurred, patients are required to do chemotherapy or radiation therapy. In addition, other therapies such as bone marrow transplantation and immunotherapy that target direct cancer cells in the patient’s body can also be done as a treatment for this type of cancer.
After doing all kinds of treatment, the patient then needs to calm the mental condition. No need to hesitate to ask for moral support from family, friends and relatives so that you can be more motivated to deal with Hodgkin’s lymphoma cancer. Greetings!