Lung Disease Due to Asbestos

Lung Disease Due to Asbestos
Lung Disease Due to Asbestos

Asbestosis is a lung disease caused by inhalation of asbestos to the lungs which causes severe damage. In some cases asbestosis can develop into lung cancer.


Inhaled asbestos fibers can result in the appearance of scar tissue (fibrosis) in the lungs. The lung tissue that forms fibrosis cannot expand and deflate properly. The severity of the disease depends on the amount of fiber being inhaled and the length of time someone is exposed to asbestos fibers.

Workers in the mining, milling, construction and other industries are prone to asbestos exposure. In addition, asbestos can also contaminate workers ‘families through particles attached to workers’ clothes that are carried home.

Other diseases caused by asbestos include:

# Pleural plaque
# Malignant mesothelioma
# Pleural effusion

The symptoms of asbestosis appear gradually and only appear only after the formation of large amounts of scar tissue and the lungs lose their elasticity.

1 Shortness of breath is an early symptom of the onset of this disease
2. The ability to move the body is reduced
3. Coughing and wheezing
4. Chest pain
5. Nail abnormalities or clubbing of fingers (the shape of the fingers that resemble a drum drum)

Although rare, asbestos can also cause tumors in the pleura called mesotheliomas or in the lining of the stomach called peritoneal mesotheliomas. Mesotheliomas usually occur after exposure for 30-40 years.

Treatment of symptoms can be done by cleaning mucus from the lungs by postural drainage, chest percussion, and vibration. The patient will be given mucus-thinning medication, if necessary oxygen is given, either through a plastic hose or face mask. If needed, a lung transplant is performed. Mesotheliomas can be very fatal, even chemotherapy is not very useful and removal of tumors does not cure cancer.

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