Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatment procedures for cancer. This therapy relies on the ability of special drugs to destroy cancer cells that attack the body. The drug works by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells. However, cancer patients need to consider therapy carefully before they undergo the procedure. This is because chemotherapy can also harm healthy cells that divide quickly, not just malignant cells. Including cells that make hair grow and cells that line the mouth and intestines. This is what causes side effects such as loss of hair and severe abdominal pain during treatment.
How Chemotherapy works
There are three different functions in chemotherapy, where the ability to function tends to be different for each patient depending on the level and severity of the cancer.
Curing cancer – Chemotherapy can completely destroy cancer cells so they can no longer be seen. The chemotherapy procedure is said to successfully cure the disease if the cancer cell cannot grow again.
Caring for cancer – Chemo can inhibit further spread of cancer cells by reducing growth. However, in some cases, this action only works as long as the patient does it continuously. When treatment stops, cancer cells can grow again.
Relieve cancer symptoms – Chemo can be used specifically to target certain tumors that cause pressure or pain on the affected part of the body.
Increases susceptibility to infection
Chemo can also be used in various other types of cancer treatment, such as surgery, biological therapy, radiation therapy. Here are the specific roles of chemotherapy when used in combination therapy options:
Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy – Chemo can be used to shrink a tumor before surgical removal.
Adjuvant chemotherapy – This means that chemotherapy is only used as advanced therapy to either destroy cancer cells remaining after surgical removal or radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy is known to cause several side effects such as:
Red blood cell deficiency (anemia)
Loss of appetite
Constipation or constipation (difficulty defecating / defecation)
To reduce side effects, most doctors give chemo based on a cycle that is maintained throughout the therapy period. This cycle often involves an ongoing period of therapy followed by a special period of rest. Each cycle usually lasts one month or four months; Based on certain factors, a patient can receive one week of therapy followed by three weeks of rest or vice versa. This rest period helps prevent side effects because it can provide the patient’s body enough time to produce healthy cells to replace affected cells.